Future research on silvo-pastoral systems: facing the challenge of science-practice interface
The increased societal awareness of the value of the silvo-pastoral systems is expected to create the conditions for new adaptive management models and public policy intervention that can create novel sustainability conditions, also in regions of environmental and economic marginality.
The congress gathers researchers from different disciplines, practitioners and policy makers at different governance levels that deal with the management and sustainability of silvo-pastoral systems. It will create the fertile context to progress through interdisciplinarity research approaches that can help translate scientific knowledge into new adaptive management solutions, and thus bridge from science to practice. Nevertheless, progress in knowledge requires following clearly defined research paradigms and pathways for the scientific validation of results. And interdisciplinarity has shown before to have strong innovative potentials and capacity to respond to practical problems, but also drawbacks and limitations.
In this Round Table we will discuss these issues. We have invited editors of some of the most acknowledged scientific journals, where research findings on silvo-pastoral systems functioning and sustainability, are published, as well as specialists that for long have been reflecting on these challenges, as well as young researchers facing decisions as to the orientations of their research life. We expect a lively but also highly targeted and relevant debate.
Shibu Jose, Editor-in-Chief, Agroforestry Systems
Françoise Burel, Editor Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment
Sandra Luque, WP Landscape Ecology, IUFRO & Deputy Coordinator IUFRO Division 8 – Forest Env.
Sérgio Godinho, Postdoctoral Researcher in Environmental Remote Sensing Applications, ICAAM, Universidade de Évora
Aida López Sánchez, Young researcher, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
Rob Jongman, senior landscape ecologist
Moderator: Teresa Pinto Correia, University of Évora
I have received the PhD degree of “doctora con mención internacional por la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid” in the Ph D. program “07D2 Doctorado en Investigación Forestal Avanzada”.. I have been doing short stays in the universities of Berkeley and Stanford in USA, and in Göttingen University in Germany. During my PhD, my primary research goal has been to understand the agroforestry systems and, particularly, to find a balance between management and conservation. Through my PhD dissertation I have explored relationships between the main components of these agroforestry systems: tree, grasslands and livestock. I have studied the effects of scattered trees and extensively-managed livestock on grassland yield and diversity which are subjected to water availability and site quality. I have also analyzed oak regeneration under different grazing management regimes. Finally, I have also researched about landscape dynamic of these agroforestry systems in Spain, in particular about dehesas.
He has published mainly using the montado ecosystems as a case study for understanding the effects of montado landscape changes on biogeophysical process such as land surface albedo and land surface temperature, and how can montado management invert tree decline and mitigate local climate changes. He has 10 published papers in ISI recognized journals and 1 book chapter as a co-author. The main scientific interests are: Remote Sensing, Ecological Climatology, Statistical Modeling, Data Mining and Machine learning, Landscape Change Analysis, Landscape Ecology, and Biodiversity Conservation.
Françoise Burel is a senior researcher at the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research) in Rennes, France. She is a landscape ecologist and developed research on the relationships between landscape structure and dynamics and biodiversity in agricultural landscapes. She put an emphasis on the role of connectivity on population persistence and on ecosystem services such as pollination and biological control. She published around 100 scientific papers, and a textbook on landscape ecology. She is a member of the Swedish academy for agriculture and forestry and associate editor for Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment.
Sandra Luque is Research Director at IRSTEA (National Research Institute of Science and Technology for Environment and Agriculture), France and Senior Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Biological Diversity (CBD) School of Biology, University of St Andrews, Scotland, UK. She received her PhD from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, USA and her “Habilitation” from University Grenoble Alps, France. She is a landscape ecologist, interested on spatial heterogeneity and landscape patterns implications for communities, and ecosystem processes. She works towards effective methods for coupling landscape ecology with remotely-sensed data to extract specific, user-oriented information at multiple scales. She has authored articles and book chapters on forest landscape ecology, remote sensing, temporal and spatial changes, lately she published on conservation value and forest related services. At present, she is Coordinator for the IUFRO Working Party (Division 8) “Forest Landscape Ecology”; she is nominated Deputy Coordinator for the IUFRO Division 8 on Forest Environment. She served IALE as elected Vice-president for 8 years. She recently received the IALE Award for Distinguished Services to the Society. She serves as Coordinator editor for Landscape Ecology
Harold E. Garrett Endowed Chair Professor and Director of the Center for Agroforestry at the University of Missouri, Columbia. He received his B.S. from India and M.S. and Ph.D. from Purdue University. Current research efforts focus on ecosystem services and ecological sustainability of agroforestry systems and biomass and biofuel production systems. He leads a regional consortium focused on commercializing integrated biomass and biofuels production systems, the Mississippi/Missouri River Advanced Biomass/Biofuel Consortium (MRABC). He has authored over 150 refereed publications, edited eight books and secured nearly $10 million as PI. He also has served as major professor for 14 Ph.D. students and 24 M.S. students during the past two decades. He serves as Editor-In-Chief of Agroforestry Systems, Academic Editor of PLOS ONE, and Editorial Board Member of International Journal of Ecology and Forests.
is a landscape ecologist with long experience in river and wetland ecology, nature conservation planning and biodiversity monitoring. He is experienced in project management and research programme development. His PhD project was on ecology, planning and policy development in river systems. He was until June 2013 head of the Alterra team on Biodiversity and Policy. Since 1990 he developed the concept of ecological networks at the European level as a new strategy for biodiversity conservation and nature planning in Europe and in other continents. This has now become a general policy approach also included in the global conventions. He has been involved in a large number of projects on nature conservation planning and ecological networks in Europe. He developed the approach on the Pan European Ecological network (PEENPEBLDS) under the auspices of the Council of Europe. He worked on modelling and managing wetland and river landscapes and the role of water in the Orinoco (Venezuela), Pantanal (Brazil) and he guided PhD students from Europe and China in this field. He led among others an assessment project on river restoration and management in the Pantanal, which led to a discussion in the Brazilian Parliament and the installation of a federal committee for implementation of proposed solutions by president Lula. In 2013-2015 he worked in Brazil supporting the universities of Mato Grosso and western Para. He also has been working as visiting professor in Hiroshima (Japan), Shanghai (China), Tartu (Estonia).
Associate professor at the University of Évora, Portugal. She is since 2012 Head of the Institute of Mediterranean Agrarian and Environmental Sciences (ICAAM. Also since 2012, she is the President of IALE-Europe. Her research is on the dynamics of agricultural landscapes in the Mediterranean, and how they are affected by different sets of drivers, between production, consumption and protection, creating tensions but also synergies. The Iberian silvo-pastoral systems are a particular focus of this research, mainly the landscape level provisioning of multiple services, and their balance as High Nature Value farming systems. She works lately on the decision making process at different scales, for the management of these landscapes and systems.